Some of the main career opportunities in Environmental Science are as follows:
Environmental scientists are problem solvers. They conduct research to identify the causes of these types of problems, and how to minimize or eliminate them with solutions. They investigate issues like air, water and land pollution and its mitigation, control of green house gases responsible for global warming, climate change, pesticides pollution , natural resources, etc.
Microbiologists, Soil and Plant Scientists, Ecologists, Wildlife Managers, Zoologists, and Horticulturists
Microbiologists, Soil and Plant Scientists, and Ecologists could work in remediation efforts, for sanitation companies, in manufacturing, pharmaceutical companies, at a university, government research organizations or such as under CSIR, ICAR and Central Pollution Control Board/ State Pollution Control Board, State Forest departments, etc. Wildlife Managers, Zoologists, and Horticulturists work in government organizations, forest departments, zoos, parks and gardens, botanical gardens, etc.
Oceanographers and Meteorologists
Oceanographers and Meteorologists could spend their entire careers in the safety of a laboratory working upper level computer models, or much of their time at sea studying ocean resources, mountains studying the weather and glaciers, climate change, global warming.
Environmental Consultants, Lawyers
Environmental Consultants prepare EIA reports for various infrastructure developmental activities requiring such clearances from the Government. Those engaged in Environmental Policy, Planning, and Management usually work for a local government or consultancy firms and are likely to be engaged in preparing policy documents, ISO Certification through a lot of research intensive work. Environmental Lawyers may be able to get out of the office to the courtroom, or, again, have intensive desk jobs solving the environmental problems from judiciary point of view.
To be an environmental journalist, one must have an understanding of scientific language and practice, knowledge of historical environmental events, the ability to keep abreast of environmental policy decisions and the work of environmental organizations, a general understanding of current environmental concerns, and the ability to communicate all of that information to the public in such a way that it can be easily understood, despite its complexity. Environmental journalism falls within the scope of Environmental Communication.